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Frosinone Frosinone Latina Latina Rieti Rieti Rome Rome Viterbo Viterbo

Lazio's is the region comprised of farmland that surrounds Rome. Down the road is Rome, the city of love and food . The Romans believe in simplicity and using the simplest ingredients for their recipes. Gnocchi di Semolino, a large dumpling made from just semolina flour, milk and eggs, is a prime example, as is Rome's well-known egg drop soup called stracciatella. The prefered foods of Rome are bread, cheese, olives, fresh vegetables, and pasta.

The volcanic soil is ideal for vegetables, particularly artichokes. Spaghetti is number one in Roman cooking, and it's often prepared with simplicity. Carbonara, made with bacon, eggs, parmesan, and spaghetti, originated in Rome.

Lazio is bordered by the Sea so fresh fish, baccala, crustaceans and mollusks all figure prominently in the region's cooking. Salt is an important spice here, so much so that it takes a position of prominence on the table in a special rounded dish called a saliera. The most important cheese in this region's cuisine is highly salted Pecorino Romano, a sheep's milk cheese similar to parmigian. 

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Frosinone

 

Frosinone

Frosinone Lazio ItalyThe Province of Frosinone was established by Royal Decree on 6 December 1926 with territories belonging to Lazio and Campania. At the same time the Province of Latina (originary called Littoria) was also established.

The Campania areas were the left valley of the Liri-Garigliano river, the district of Sora, the Comino valley, the district of Cassino, the Gulf of Formia and Gaeta, the Pontine isles, which until then had been for centuries included in the Province called Terra di Lavoro, of the Kingdom of Naples (or of the Two Sicilies)

Today, this province has a mixed economy with four large industrial sites, ample plain lands with a prosperous agriculture and a developing tourism industry. So a visit to Ciociaria can largely meet various needs with its archaeo­logical parks showing the different phases of the Ernici, Volscian and Roman civilizations; with its medieval boroughs enclosed within tow­ered surrounding walls; with its majestic churches and abbeys, a mark of the strong spiritual links that stretch back to the beginning of Christianity, as well as the works of contemporary civilization.

The peculiar feature of pre-Roman Ciociaria is the towns surrounded by polygonal walls, traditionally known as the Cyclops' towns, known to having been built by the god Saturn. These lively villages are mainly perched on hilltops and their urban structures have been marked by the different civiliza­tions (pre-Roman, Roman, medieval, Renaissance and baroque) that have left valuable traces of their culture.

What to taste What to taste:

• Pasta is the choice in Frosinone with types such as handmade egg pasta are: maccaruni; very thin fettuccine, seasoned with meat or tomato sauces; gnocchi with polenta; cannelloni; and the famous timballo (pie) Ciociaro made with macaroni seasoned with chicken, meat sauce, meatballs, mushrooms and truffles.
• The specialty in Frosinone is a very tasty rustic meal called the calascioni, made with filled pastry, ideal as a snack or appetizer; the meat is mostly pork, lamb, chicken and rabbit, combined with seasonal vegetables to prepare dishes of peasant origin and rare goodness.
• The common desserts are the mostly dry confectioneries, baked and prepared following recipes handed down from generation to generation. Among these are the characteristic ciambelle al vino (donutsdoughnuts made with wine); susamello, a typical Christmas cookie similar to the tozzetto from Siena; the pigna (pine cone), a typical Easter cake spiced with aniseed, candied fruit and delicate aroma of liqueurs; finally, there's the amaretto of Guarcino.  

Following Towns Cities & Towns:

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What to do What to do:

• There is plenty of hills, green areas and highlands in Ciociaria and a suitable place for excursions and outdoor sports. Nature lovers can enjoy various activities including trekking, hiking and horse riding. Among them the natural reserve of Lake of Posta Fibreno, the natural parks of Selva di Paliano (Paliano Forest), Lake Cardito, the Vallerotonda pine forest, Lake Canterno, the monumental castagneto (chestnut forest) of Terelle, the waterfalls of the river Liri in Isola del Liri, the grottos of Collepardo and Pastena.
• There is also a thermal centre in Fiuggi popular for its theraapeutic water since the year 1000.
• For those who enjoy skiing and snowboarding, Campo Staffi and Campocatino are equipped ski resorts located at an altitude of about 1,500-2,000 metres.

Places to visit Places to visit: Churches, Museums, Ruins, Piazzas, Fountains,

• Among the historical monuments, the Pietro Tiravanti building is definitely one of the most impressive of the city.
• The Palazzo del Governo (Government Palace), the seat of the Prefecture, whose construction started in 1825, holds furniture from the Reggia di Caserta (Royal Palace of Caserta), while the Palazzo della Provincia (Province Palace), in neoclassical style, contains, among others, works by Renato Guttuso and Umberto Mastroianni.
• Among the most important centres of the province there is Anagni, with a splendid Romanesque Cathedral and its subsequent Gothic influences and the frescoes of the crypt, the Palazzo di Bonifacio VIII (Boniface VIII Palace), which houses the Museo Storico Bonifaciano (Historical Museum of Bonifacio); Ferentino, with the Duomo (Cathedral) of Roman origin, and the remains of the market and the Roman theater; Alatri and its acropolis occupy the top of the hill, enclosed by polygonal walls, one of the best preserved examples of polygonal construction in Italy. 

Events Events:

• The Festival del Folklore in Alatri, an event to discover other cultures, and the Palio dei Rioni with the historic tournament.
• The Festa delle Stuzze (Festival of Stuzze) in Fiuggi is very suggestive, unique in its kind, where large lit up tree trunks are carried by participants on their shoulders down the city streets. According to legend this symbolism of the lit fire refers to the miraculous intervention of St. Blaise, who showed his enemies, who were attacking the city, huge flames and fire so as to make them desist.
• In Pastena, the Festa della SS Croce ed il Maggio (Festival of the Holy Cross and May) takes place every year as a major springtime event when crop fertility rites are practised and women prepare local specialities.  

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Latina

 

Latina

Latina Lazio ItalyThe Province of Latina was established in 1935 after the recovery of the marshy lands of the Agro pontino, with municipalities previously mainly belonging to the Province of Rome.

At the same time, also the Circeo National Park was established, which includes today the Terracina Forest (the only plain forest left in Italy), the Circeo Promontory - which takes its name from the mythical sorceress that kept Ulysses and his companions prisoners, the lakes Paola, Caprolace, Monaci and Fogliano, the coastline Dunes, the island of Zannone with the ruins of a Benediscine monastery.

The province of Latina was created in 1934, with 33 municipalities, belonging to the region of Lazio, of which it occupies the southeastern part. It covers a total area of 2.250 square kilometers made up of 3 mountain chains – Monti Lepini, Monti Ausoni and Monti Aurunci and the coastal plains – Pontina, Fondi-Monte San Biagio and Garigliano with more than 100 kilometers of shore washed by the Tyrrhenian Sea.

It is a province that offers everything: sea, mountains, islands, spas, national and regional parks, archaeological and medieval monuments and an economy based on tourism, agriculture and industry.

The province has excellent communications: by air with the airports of Fiumicino and Ciampino (Rome) and Capodicchino (Naples); by road with the Autostrada del Sole; by train with the Roma – Napoli Direttissima.

The Pontine cuisine is very varied as a result of the different environments that make up the province. There is the typical mari­ne cuisine, with dense fish soups, risottos with shellfish, gilthead, bass, prawns and so much imagination in preparing them.

Then there are the typical hillside dishes, with pasta made of flour and eggs, the homemade sauces, soups, pasta and beans, and all kinds of local produce (excellent artichokes, olives, broccoli and chicory). There are also the plain land dishes which are sometimes a combination of the Ciociaria, the Campania, the Veneto, the Emilia Romagna and obviously Lazio cuisines, drawing on a wide range of products from the buffalo and the dairy cattle (mozzarella, fiordilatte, caciotta and provola cheeses, butter), the superb local produce from the fields (courgettes, salads of all kinds, water melon, kiwi). On the islands there is a marked preference for the dishes typical of the Campania region, with lobster, "granseola", moray eels and less distinguished fish species such as rotondo, pessonia and octopus. Ventotene is proud of its tiny lentils. The dishes are still more delicious if you savor the local wine; whose famous ancestors are the Coecubum and the Falernum, or the D.O.C. wines Aprilia (Trebbiano, Sangiovese, Merlot), Cori, and Circeo, produced in the Pontine area. The dry and sweet full-bodied "Moscato" of Terracina still survives at present times.

What to taste What to taste:

• Lamb is a common food in Latina. Roasted abbacchio (lamb) with potatoes; pajata; coda alla vaccinara (oxtail) and garofolato lamb.
• Other specialties that originate from the area is mozzarella, marzolino, a hard slightly matured cheese with a sweet flavour,prosciutto (ham) of Bassiano flavoured with a seasoning made with wine, garlic and pepper and matured, Cori ham, and Gaeta olives.
• Also common is the sausages from Monte San Biagio and other towns of Latina province, prepared using the best part of the pig, spiced with coriander and preserved in oil.
• Desserts include dry biscuits, apple fritters, classic and fried doughnuts, wine doughnuts, some of which are available mainly during local festivities.
• The local wines are the Aprilia Trebbiano and Merlot and Circeo Trebbiano, a selection of white, red and rosé wines and the Moscato di Terracina, one of the most representative I.G.T. wines, and Aleatico.  

Following Towns Cities & Towns:

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What to do What to do:

• Known for there seaside resorts this is an ideal peacefull relaxation holiday.
• In the Natural Park of Circeo one can practice trekking and horse riding or cycling. The park has a diverse ecosystem and is home to many animal species, with about 25 different species of birds including coots and cormorants and rare species like the peregrine falcon, osprey, sea eagle, crane, flamingo and spoonbill.
• For sailing and diving enthusiasts, the waters of the Pontine Islands are an ideal destination.

Places to visit Places to visit: Churches, Museums, Ruins, Piazzas, Fountains,

• On the coast close to the beaches, we encounter Sperlonga, a charming medieval village with streets and houses overlooking the sea, where, in addition to the deep colour of the sea, one can see the cave of Tiberius, a cavity open to the sea water, where artefacts were found dating back to the first century and now kept in the National Archaeological Museum of San Felice Circeo. This town, a renown tourist resort on the coast, comprises an elevated medieval part on Mount Circeo, and a modern part at the foot of the mount. Formia, a charming town overlooking the Gulf of Gaeta, has beautiful beaches and exhibits visible traces of Roman times. And then there's Terracina, dominated by the temple of Jupiter Anxur reachable by a scenic road, with its Piazza del Municipio (Town Hall Square) in the old town where is also located the medieval Duomo (Cathedral) dedicated to St. Cesareo, with a wide staircase that leads to a porch with columns.
• You can visit the fourteenth-century Palazzo Venditti and the Frumentaria Tower where is housed the Museo Civico Archeologico (Archaeological Museum) which keeps finds from local excavations, in particular Roman remains. Finally there's Gaeta, which is located on a spit of land on which dominates Monte Orlando. The castle is reachable by the narrow streets of the characteristic medieval quarter, and then, located close to the harbour is the Duomo, dedicated to St. Erasmus and embellished with Moorish decorations, easily recognizable from the monumental 57-metre high bell tower
• The Chiesa di San Giovanni al mare (Church of St. John By-the-Sea) dates from the tenth century, and is recognizable by the beautiful spherical dome in Arabic style; the floor was built with a slight inclination to allow the flow of water at high tide. Roman archaeological remains of great value can be seen in Cori, Norma, Sezze, Monte San Biagio and Ninfa with its memorable historic garden, a natural monument that exhibits specimens of flora and fauna from around the world in imitation of English gardens.

Events Events:

• In Cori takes place the Carosello dei Rioni (Tournament of the City Wards), whose contestants, wearing 16th century costumes and representing the three districts of Porta Signina, Ninfina and Romana, compete in the palio dell'anello (ring jousting).
•In Norma is held the Sagra della Caldarrosta (Festival of chestnuts): for the occasion stalls and huts are put up, built with chestnut wood and leaves, where one can taste roasted chestnuts.  
• In Sonnino, the night before the religious celebration of the Ascension the beautiful Sagra delle Torce (Festival of Torches) takes place. Immersed in enchanting scenery, at night, a long procession lit by torches walks up the slopes of the mountains to arrive at dawn at the Sanctuary of Madonna delle Grazie.
• There is the Sagra delle Regne (Festival of wheat sheaves) held in the centre of Minturno, where the wheat sheaves transported by ox-drawn carriages are beaten in the town square. The grain is thrown into the air and then offered, to give thanks for a good harvest.

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Rieti

 

Rieti

Rieti Lazio ItalyA very ancient tradition maintains that Rieti is the center of Italy. It was the writer, Marco Terenzio Varrone (116-27 B.C.) who mentioned that the Rieti Valley was the center of the peninsular. Rieti is situated at the foot of Mount Terminillo, along the valley marked by the Velino River. Rieti had been first a Roman possession, later, Papal residence, and its historic center has an impressive and monumental 12th century city wall enclosing it.

Walking through Rieti’s streets and squares means to place oneself in history and art. City Hall building, in Vittorio Emanuele II Square, was originally built in the XIII century and rebuilt in the XVII century. The Cathedral, with its Romanesque bell tower and portico from 1458, has admirable works of art. Noble palaces make the city center even more precious, as does the Vecchiarelli Palace, done by Carlo Maderno, and the Prefettura Palace, decorated with a splendid loggia from the Vignola school, overlooking the lower part of the historic city center.

One of the cultural symbols of the city is the Flavio Vespasian Theatre, a little acoustical jewel, the dome of which is fully painted depicting the triumphal entry of Vespasian and Tito after having conquered Jerusalem. The streets of the center also host the remains of the Roman bridge, lying on the bed of the Velino River. Symbol of the townspeople’s history and life, this river’s limpid waters and balanced ecosystem represent a true natural jewel in the heart of the city’s residential area. The city still continues today to be enriched with monuments and treasures such as the Monument to the Lira unveiled in 2003 and already become a tourist site.

All of the territory of Rieti offers an extraordinary experience of pure and wild nature that you can see while following along the roads and paths from solitary peaks to fresh valleys, from gentle hills furrowed with olive trees and secular woods. The intense greens of the slopes and the golden colors of the wheat are broken up between thousands of courses of pure water. As many as eleven lakes dot the territory. The Nuria massif is where the Peschiera Springs begin and, with its limpid waters, supplies Rome’s aqueduct.

What to taste What to taste:

• Local products include potatoes of Leonessa, beans, spelt, and DOP olive oil which has been produced in Sabina since the 7th-6th century BC. Other products found are chestnuts, especially from Antrodoco, mushrooms, blackberries, blueberries, strawberries, juniper and white and black truffles.
• The long tradition of farming produce fresh, salted or seasoned cheese, like ricotta made with goats' milk; the Fiore Molle from Leonessa, flavoured with saffron; and pecorino from Amatrice, less pungent and sour.
• There are the sausages from Leonessa and Amatrice and the dry sausages from Rieti.
• The main specialties include the stracciatelle in brodo (stracciatelle soup); spaghetti all'amatriciana; pollo alla diavola; stracci di Antrodoco - thin pancakes filled with meat sauce and cheese; stufatine garofolate, spezzatino di pollo (chicken stew), agnello in guazzetto (lamb stew); porchetta di Poggio Bustone.
• Desserts include terzetti alla reatina are soft biscuits made with honey and nuts; the copeta, made with honey and nuts between bay leaves.
• The local wines include Colli della Sabina Doc in white, red and rosé.

Following Towns Cities & Towns:

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What to do What to do:

• The valleys around Rieti are also ideal for sports such as hang gliding, paragliding and parascending. The configuration of the area makes it also suitable for lovers of mountain biking and trekking, particularly on the Monti della Laga in the area of Amatrice, in Upper Sabina.
• For those who enjoy relaxation and wellness, Rieti and the Sabina area offer several spas, such as those in Cotilia, named after the homonymous pre-Roman city, baths appreciated by the ancient Romans; the Parco delle Terme di Fonte Cottorella is an oasis of peace and serenity, where the mineral waters of the springs are often used in the treatment of certain conditions; and the Baths of Antrodoco, in a territory rich in sulphurous waters.

Places to visit Places to visit: Churches, Museums, Ruins, Piazzas, Fountains,

• Rieti was the last province to be annexed to Lazio in 1927 and boasts a record: according to tradition, given its geographical position, this city is considered the navel of Italy, and a monument in the centre of the town is a reminder of that. The centre is the most ancient part of the city and is spread around the central hub of Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, with the Fontana dei Delfini (Fountain of the Dolphins). Just opposite there is the Palazzo Comunale, with its original structure of the 13th century partly occupied by the Museo Civico, where archaeological finds dating from the ninth century BC to the late Roman period are kept as well as paintings dating from the 14th century to those of contemporary times. Facing the nearby Piazza Battisti is the Palace of the Prefecture, of Renaissance architecture, from whose garden one can enjoy a beautiful view over the oldest part of town and the surrounding mountains.
• The Duomo (Cathedral) was built around 1100, but reconstructed in later times. Next to it stands a bell tower. Next to the Cathedral is located the Palazzo Vescovile (Bishop's Palace), built in the 13th century. Just just before it is a monumental loggia and a courtyard that lead to the spectacular Salone Papale. To the north of the building there is the Arco del Vescovo (Bishop's Arch), a flyover dating back to the late thirteenth century, built by Boniface VIII. In Via Roma there is Palazzo Vecchiarelli, by Carlo Maderno, and beside it the Romanesque church of S. Pietro Apostolo (S. Peter the Apostle). Noteworthy is also Palazzo Vicentini, one of the most interesting buildings, attributed to Sangallo. Once crossed the Bridge Velino, under which runs the river of the same name, one encounters the Monumento alla Lira (Monument to the Lira), which was unveiled in 2003 and made by the fusion of more than 2.2 million old 200-lira coins, collected for the occasion.
• There's underground Rieti where, under some mansion houses in the city centre, one can visit the remains of the ancient Roman viaduct built in the third century BC. For lovers of archaeology, the area offers itineraries to follow on the trail of antiquity, which wind along the valley of the Tiber, to Collevecchio, Cottanello, Torri in Sabina and Vacone and the valley of Turano in Monteleone, Paganico, Rocca Sinibalda, with its castle in the shape of an eagle; Turania, where a treasure was brought to light dating back to the early decades of the first century AD.

Events Events:

• The festival dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua is a heartfelt celebration that has been taking place for six-hundred years in the old town of Rieti, with a procession through the streets of the centre and the display of the simulacrum with the statue of the saint and candles.
• In Antrodoco the Sagra degli Stracci takes place (Festival of rags), during which on can taste local culinary specialities.
• The Festa della Madonna della Neve e del Toro Ossequioso (Festival of Our Lady of the Snow) is held in Posta, where a man rides a harnessed bull and brings it before the church of Santa Maria Assunta, where it will be made to kneel three times.
• The commemoration of the first Presepe vivente (living Nativity scene) in Greccio, during Christmas, where over a hundred participants re-enact an historic event dating back to 1223 and inspired by St. Francis of Assisi.
• Then there is the Festa Dolce Primavera (Sweet Spring Festival) in Castel Sant'Angelo, where ten municipalities compete for the preparation of the most delicious desserts. Many also the carnival festivities, with parades of floats in Amatrice and Magliano Sabina. 

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Rome

 

Rome

Rome Lazio ItalyFounded upon the Palatine as a rustic village of huts like so many other villages scattered across the range of hills separating the Apennines from the Tyrrhenian Sea, Rome was forced from the very beginning to engage in a bloody struggle for survival with the neighboring towns of Veii, Gabii, and Fidenae.

Ten centuries later, it had become the largest metropolis in the ancient world; during the middle Ages, Rome shrank to the size of a large country village once again, and from the sixteenth century onward it grew steadily. Despite itself, it has since become the capital of Italy and a modern metropolis; a bureaucratic inferno and a single, mammoth traffic jam for its two-and-a-half million inhabitants, a paradise and a spectacle for the nearly-as-many visitors, pilgrims and tourists, who come here each year. In literature, poetry, and film, Rome has been enshrined as a myt

Still, whether one knows the city by heart, on film, or via the printed word, Rome succeeds in amazing and astonishing whoever arrives. Whether one is coming from Provence or Hokkaido, from Illinois or from the Veneto, the Eternal City welcomes every visitor with its ancient stones and its relaxed style, with the gentle evening breezes that waft in cool air and the tangy smells of the sea, the crystalline light of sunsets that seem to set the Roman ruins aflame, along with the ruddy sky and the Renaissance palazzi of the centre of the city.  Ancient stones and mysteries, monuments and legends.

A city of warriors and the rude founder of an Empire, builder of roads and author of a body of laws that is still studied and used around the world, Rome is also a cradle and wet-nurse to mysteries. If the Imperial age saw the arrival in the Eternal City of cults and religions from the East — most popular among them being that of the god Mithras, which left in the city many splendid underground temples — countless other corners of the ancient city preserve a fascinating and mysterious aura. Particularly popular with tourists is the "Bocca della Verita," or "mouth of truth," sheltered beneath the portico of the church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin; the relic takes its name from an ancient tradition. It was believed that a perjurer who placed his hand in the mouth of the river god carved in stone — actually a very old drain cover — would instantly die.

Just a short walk from the Forum, the Temple of Vesta was where the Vestal Virgins guarded the sacred flame, a relic of one of the oldest cults in the city, along with that of the lapis niger, or "black stone," the mysterious monolithic altar that, tradition has it, marks the tomb of Romulus. 

What to taste What to taste:

• The main foods in Rome is wine, olive oil, sausages and cheese. Vegetables and legumes soups prepared with beans, broad beans, chickpeas and lentils, typical of the Roman countryside. In the area of Cerveteri tasty Roman artichokes are grown, while the surroundings of Nemi are famous for the delicious strawberries.
• The porchetta (whole roasted pig) has its home in Ariccia where it is eaten in the characteristic fraschette .Baked goods are simple and fragrant.
• Desserts commonly found are biscuits, tozzetti, mostaccioli, wine donutsdoughnuts at the famous pupazza of Frascati.
• The local wines are Zagarolo DOC, Montecompatri-Colonna DOC, Frascati DOC, Marino DOC, Colli Albani DOC, Colli Lanuvini DOC, Velletri DOC, Cesanese di Olevano Romano DOC, Genazzano DOC, Castelli Romani DOC and Cori DOC. Numerous table wines and IGT are produced in the province.

Following Towns Cities & Towns:

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What to do What to do:

• The Roman coastline, which stretches for about 130 km, is dotted with seaside resorts where one can practice nautical sports; in summer it becomes the heart of the night life, which the rest of the year is mostly available in the many bars and restaurants of the Capital.
• On Lake Albano it is possible to practice canoeing, rowing and mountain biking
• The spas in and around Rome date back to ancient times: the Terme (Baths) di Caracalla in the heart of the city are a good example. Those wishing to devote time to their own well-being can spend pleasant and carefree days in the baths of Rome in Tivoli, the baths of Cretone in Palombara Sabina or the baths of Stigliano in Canale Monterano.

Places to visit Places to visit: Churches, Museums, Ruins, Piazzas, Fountains,

• Ancient traces of Roman roads, aqueducts and imperial residences are fascinating for fans of archaeology: those who want to retrace the trail of the Etruscans and Romans are offered one of the areas in the world most dense with historical remnants and sites.
• The Orsini-Odescalchi Castle stands majestically in the heart of town and is described as one of the most beautiful feudal residences in Europe for being a combination of military structure and manor house and offering an impressive view on the lake below.
• Along Via dei Fori Imperiali one can see in the distance the silhouette of one of the world's most famous monuments, the Colosseum, symbol of Rome. Next to it is the Arco di Constantino (Arch of Constantine), perhaps the largest and best preserved in Rome and a veritable museum of Roman sculpture. Near there is the Palatino, one of the seven hills of Rome and one of the oldest parts of the city. It faces the Foro Romano on one side and the Circo Massimo on the other. From there, continuing along Viale Aventino, one arrives at the Piramide di Caio Cestio (Pyramid of Caius Cestius), a funerary monument inspired by the Egyptian style; turning right, towards the Tiber banks there are the Tempi del Foro Boario, the Tempio di Portuno and the Tempio di Ercole Vincitore, two of the most intact buildings of ancient Rome facing Piazza della Bocca della Verità. The nearby Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, also recognizable for its Romanesque bell tower that rises from the roof, is visited by many tourists. Besides enjoying the beautiful interior, they take photographs in front of the Bocca della Verità (Mouth of Truth) placed in the porch. It's an ancient marble mask said to be the face of a faun which, according to legend will swallow the hand of those who lie. Another road that branches off from Piazza Venezia is Via del Corso.
• The splendid Basilica of San Clemente is located along the line that connects the Colosseum to the Laterano, with mosaics and frescoes of rare beauty also kept inside the minor basilica. The Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, located on the colle Esquilino (Esquiline Hill) is the only one to have kept the original early Christian structure, albeit with subsequent additions. Nearby is the Chiesa di S. Pietro in Vincoli (Saint Peter in Chains) where are kept the chains of Saint Peter and the Mosé, one of Michelangelo's most famous sculptures.

Events Events:

• One of the most famous and spectacular events is the Infiorata del Corpus Domini in Genzano, where an impressive colourful carpet made with a variety of flowers winds along the streets of the centre for the passage of the religious procession.
• The traditional Palio delle Contrade (Tournament of the City Wards) takes place in Allumiere, during which the six city wards compete in choreographed donkey races.
• Of no lesser importance are festivals and fairs dedicated to produce, such as the ones dedicated to wine in Marino, to strawberries in Nemi, to artichokes in Ladispoli. Typical also the antiques markets such as the one of the Antico Borgo in Bracciano, with displays of old copper pots and lamps in wrought iron, and the market of the Bancarelle (stalls) in Campagna, one of the most known in Italy.  

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Viterbo

 

Viterbo

Viterbo Lazio ItalyTypical medieval city, Viterbo rises where once was the ancient Etruscan suburb of Surena that in archaic time was abandoned on the hill where currently is the Romanesque Cattedrale di San Lorenzo of the XII century. The suburb became then a modest Roman colony, maybe called, Vicus Elbii or Vetus Urbs, denomina­tion from which seems to derive the actual name of Viterbo; it is quot­ed in the documents as Castrum Viterbii from mid VIII century.

In the 4th century Viterbo was donated to the Church by the emper­or Carlo Magno, and it owes to the Papacy its period of great shine, above all, when it became Papal Siege in the XIII and XIV centuries. Viterbo, is therefore rich in Etruscan and Romans testimonies, but is characterized nevertheless by a medieval artistic and urban style of an ancient and monumental charm that involves every district. Towered boundaries and dark houses in peperino are alternated by mullioned windows and little windows, to austere buildings and to Romanesque churches, in a magic game of lights and shades that run between narrow lanes and piazzette, up and down the typical profferlis (external staircases), among many foun­tains.

Viterbo is undoubtedly rich of monuments of extreme historical-artistic interest: the Palazzo Comunale, the thirteenth century Palazzo del Podesta, the Palazzo della Prefettura, the fif­teenth century Palazzo Chigi, the picturesque Palazzo Farnese and die adjacent Ponte del Duomo partly Etruscan, the Palazzo Papale with its beautiful Loggia, the picturesque Casa Poscia, the Renaissance Palazzo Santoro, the fifteenth century Rocca Albomoz and the aus­tere Palazzo degli Alessandri that towers in the characteristic Quartiere medievale di San Pellegrino, a suggestive area almost entirely preserved... And then the Romanesque Churches of Sant'Angelo in Spata, that of del Gesu, that of Santa Maria Nuova and that of San Giovanni in Zoccoli, the fourteenth century Chiesetta of Santa Maria della Salute, the Church of San Sisto, the Church of Santa Maria della Verita, the Church of San Francesco, the small Church of San Marco founded by cistercenses Monks and the famous Santuario di SantaRosa in which the mummified body of Santa Rosa da Viterbo, patron of the city is guarded...

What to taste What to taste:

• Among the typical products of Tuscia, worth mentioning are asparagus and olive oil of Canino, lentils of Onano and Corego fish from Lake Bolsena.
• The most traditional typical dish is acquacotta, prepared with homemade dried bread and wild vegetables, but also lamb soup, enriched with a variety of vegetables, artichokes and potatoes.
• Of great quality is the production of extra virgin olive oil and of manzetta maremmana, a cut of local meat, particularly tender. Known in the area of Lake Bolsena is the sbroscia, a lake fish soup with potatoes, bread and mint, which gives it the distinctive scent of the earth.
• The local wines include Est!Est!Est!, a renown DOC white wine, and also the Aleatico of Gradoli.

Following Towns Cities & Towns:

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What to do What to do:

• The lakes of Bolsena, with the beautiful islands of Martana and Bisentina, and Vico are ideal for relaxing holidays or to practice water sports, sailing and canoeing, as well as horse riding. Lake Vico, which lies within a nature reserve, is equipped to offer hiking, mountain biking and horseb riding along paths that cross a nature of great charm. One of the main attractions of the area are the spas, known since antiquity.
• The baths of Viterbo were expanded by the Romans, so that the remains of their structures occupy an area 11 kilometres long. In medieval times they became a favourite destination of many popes for the treatment of various conditions thanks to the properties of mud and water.

Places to visit Places to visit: Churches, Museums, Ruins, Piazzas, Fountains,

• In the central Piazza S. Lorenzo are located the Cathedral, built in the 12th century, and the Palazzo dei Papi (Popes' Palace), residence for the popes since 1255 and remembered as the site where the longest and most disputed conclave in history took place.
• In the capital Viterbo, the beautiful historic centre has been preserved and comprises the old urban core enclosed by the town wall, while the modern, commercial and industrial part is close to the defensive walls.Not far away is Piazza del Plebiscito with the Palazzo dei Priori, considered the historical, social and institutional centre of the city, and connected by the Pinacoteca (Art Gallery) to the Palazzo del Podestà of medieval origin. Not far from Viterbo is located the town of Tuscania, which boasts a striking presence of Etruscan remains and necropolis.
• In the province are also worth a mention the village of Bagnaia and the famous Villa Lante, a wonderful example of late Renaissance residence with an Italian garden, whose design is attributed to Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola as well as that of the Palazzo Farnese in Caprarola, another example of Renaissance pentagonal residence. Well worth a visit also the parco dei Mostri (park of Monsters) of Bomarzo, a large park with gardens, buildings and fantastic sculptures, and the ancient village of Montecalvello, which rises around a castle where the famous Balthus, a contemporary painter, lived for thirty years.

Events Events:

• In Viterbo is the festa di Santa Rosa, the city's patron saint whose remains are kept in the Duomo. For the occasion, a hundred people carry on their shoulders a structure lit by torches and lights, about thirty metres high and weighing five tons, on a journey of just over a kilometre through the narrow and steep streets of the old town. After the procession, the simulacrum of Santa Rosa can be visited for a few days.
• Also characteristic are the events taking place in Soriano nel Cimino, including the sagra delle castagne (festival of chestnuts) and the palio delle Contrade (tournament of the city wards), during which the town is divided into four zones which compete in archery tournaments and ring jousting.
• In Tarquinia the festa della Merca is held, with contests of dexterity in cowboy fashion and cowherds branding cattle. The sagra degli gnocchi (festival of dumplings) is held in Ronciglione, where the delicious dish is accompanied by the full-bodied local wine.
• Of ancient tradition, the Tiratura del solco dritto (Ploughing of the straight furrow) in Valentano is a propitiation ritual during which a pair of oxen draws a long furrow in the soil; the festival is a thanksgiving to Our Lady for the crops harvested in the year. 

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